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It's all about the sausage

Getting pedalling technique sorted on a Wattbike

It's all about the sausage. That's what Wattbike reckon. If you want to be a top level rider, you need to get your sausage sorted. I'll explain...

I’ve got some time in on the Wattbike over the past few weeks and thought I’d give you a quick look at one of it’s most interesting features: the Polar View.

What’s the Polar View? Over to Wattbike:

The Polar View shows exactly how you are applying force as you pedal and gives you a dynamic image of power being applied throughout each individual pedal stroke. The Polar View allows you to improve pedalling technique and remove dead spots where power is applied unevenly. As you learn how to improve your pedalling, the more you embed good technique into muscle memory ready to take these performance improvements onto the road.


So, the Polar View is a force curve. It shows the force you are applying and the position of the pedals when you’re applying this force. The further from the centre of the graph the curve is, the more force you’re applying at that point.

You read the curve anti-clockwise. So, starting in the 12 o’clock position, the left-hand side of the graph shows the force you’re applying when your left leg is moving down. The right-hand side of the graph shows the force you’re applying when your right leg is moving down. But, because it’s one continuous graph, the force when your right leg is moving down is shown starting at the 6 o’clock position.

Geddit? If not, just imagine you’re looking at your left leg as it goes through the entire 360° pedal stroke. The curve shows how much force you’re applying at each point.

The Wattbike isn’t actually measuring how much force you’re applying with each leg, it’s telling you how much force you’re applying at every point of the pedal cycle.


How does this help? Well, most beginners will have a graph shape that’s close to a figure of eight. In other words, the force gradually gets greater as one leg goes down, then it tails off and more or less stops before gradually increasing again as the other leg goes down… and so on. This pic (above) actually shows someone riding out of the saddle to make it clear (in this case, all the force is going in during the bottom half of each side of the pedal stroke). 

So, essentially this rider has two dead spots in their pedal cycle as their legs pass through the 12 o’clock and the 6 o’clock positions.


Elite cyclists, on the other hand, tend to have far more even force distribution. The force will be greatest just after each leg passes horizontal but strong riders usually manage to apply a decent amount of force through the top and bottom of the pedal stroke when the cranks are more or less vertical. Wattbike call this a sausage-shaped graph.

The axis through the broadest part of the curve is going to be diagonal because, as I said, the left side of the graph works down from the top while the right side works up from the bottom.


Intermediate riders, not surprisingly, tend to be somewhere in the middle and end up with a graph that’s peanut shaped – that’s a peanut shell, obviously, not dry roasted. So, these riders don’t have an on/off pedal stroke like most beginners, but their force is dropping off significantly through the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions.

So, according to Wattbike, you're aiming at the sausage. You want to eliminate dead spots and apply force fairly evenly throughout your pedal stroke. They give you technique training sessions to help you get there.

Wattbike aren’t suggesting that you pull the pedal up from the bottom of the stroke, by the way. They’re suggesting that you ‘scrape back’ at the bottom of the stroke to help take you through the 6 o’clock position, and that you unweight your rising leg. You’re not providing a propulsive force with that leg, you’re just making sure that it’s not working against the force applied by your other leg. You might need to lower the resistance too - in effect, change down a gear or two - so you're not concentrating wholly on the downstroke.

You also get two figures at the bottom the graph showing you what percentage of your power each leg is generating. Well, that’s not quite true. It actually tells you what percentage of your power is being contributed when your left leg is moving downwards, and what percentage is being contributed when your right leg is moving down, thus identifying any disparity that you might have. You think you pedal 50/50, don’t you? Bet you’re wrong.

You get more pedal stroke features if you use Wattbike’s free software on your PC (it’s not Mac compatible, unfortunately). Rather than just seeing one pedal stroke in isolation, you can see a whole session’s worth overlaid on top of one another to give you a more accurate idea of where you’re applying the force… and that’s what I’m about to check out right now. Pip pip!

Mat has been in cycling media since 1996, on titles including BikeRadar, Total Bike, Total Mountain Bike, What Mountain Bike and Mountain Biking UK, and he has been editor of 220 Triathlon and Cycling Plus. Mat has been technical editor for over a decade, testing bikes, fettling the latest kit, and trying out the most up-to-the-minute clothing. He has won his category in Ironman UK 70.3 and finished on the podium in both marathons he has run. Mat is a Cambridge graduate who did a post-grad in magazine journalism, and he is a winner of the Cycling Media Award for Specialist Online Writer. Now over 50, he's riding road and gravel bikes most days for fun and fitness rather than training for competitions.

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srtech | 8 years ago

Newbie question: Does this thing have locking pedals? Because I've never tried that, but it's the only way I can imagine getting any significant shear force on the pedals at 12 and 6. Or am I missing something?

notfastenough | 12 years ago

Tried this yesterday, focusing a little more on the. 11-1 and 5-7 zones. There is a tangible difference, although it was a bit knackering due to use of different muscles. Practice required!

outOfPhase | 12 years ago

Good article. I've actually got a Wattbike but I've learnt from this. My shape is quite distinctive, along the lower side it approximates the sausage shape, but the top side is waisted more like the peanut shape. It's actually a shorter sharper kink in/out than the peanut. There's no mystery as to why - I've got badly damaged ligaments in my left knee - but before the Wattbike I had never realised how much it affected my pedal action. Over years of accomodating to the injury I developed an action that momentarily delays the start of the power stroke on the injured leg. It's almost as if I need to get it just centred right before the power, but it's quite unconscious.
What I didn't know before reading the article is why I'm typically 53%/47% in favour of my damaged leg. But now I see that what this is really showing that that I pull up a bit more on my good leg than I do on with my bad one. Which I'm sure is true.
I've never used the PC software as I'm a Linux/Mac geek. But my son has got a Windows games laptop that might do it...

seabass89 | 12 years ago

How much difference will this actually make?

Imagine two intermediate riders with the same legstreght.

One has an intermediate 'force distribution' and one has an elite distribution?

How much difference will that make on a sportive? 1hr temp? 20 minute climb?

Would be cool to see a demonstration of a Q-ring on that thing too..

Just wondering!

Simon E replied to seabass89 | 12 years ago
seabass89 wrote:

How much difference will this actually make?

I would say that it is of most interest for maximising efficiency when racing. For riding sportives, which are non-competitive events, I'd expect improving your time to be a secondary consideration.

However, we all know lots of sportive riders like to think it's a race  3 But if you want to improve your time then enter a time trial. It's a lot cheaper and you don't have to travel far.

Simon E | 12 years ago

I believe that it's less about pedalling in circles per se, more about pushing through the 12 o'clock point and then pulling through 6 o'clock (often described as scraping your shoe). Some people argue that pulling up on the backstroke is not as useful as has been suggested. [Edit: I see Mat has said the same]

Elliptical chainrings like Rotor are designed to reduce the effort of the flat spot at the top of the pedal stroke.

More about Wattbike power data:

Mat Brett | 12 years ago

When I've managed to get the curve on the graph close to that sausage shape, I've been thinking about drawing my feet back around the bottom of the stroke (from the 5 o'clock to the 7 o'clock position or vice versa) and pushing over the top (from the 11 o'clock to the 1 o'clock position or vice versa).

You might have heard people talk about the drawing back action as scraping mud off the bottom of your shoes.

I find it much easier with a fast cadence and a relatively low gear than with a slower cadence and a big gear.

So, yeah, 'pedalling in circles', if you like, but as I say in the text, Wattbike aren't suggesting you apply power on the upstroke, just that you unweight your rising leg.

Trev Allen | 12 years ago

I want one now!

Looks like you are riding a chopper though with bars that wide Mat.

notfastenough | 12 years ago

Interesting info. For us mere mortals without the luxury of a wattbike, does all this just equate to the advice to pedal in circles as opposed to standing on the foremost pedal?

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