Steel's still real as these great bikes demonstrate

While aluminium enjoyed a brief period as the material of choice for professional road racing bicycles, the same can’t be said for steel; it was the dominant frame material during much of the 20th century for bicycles of all descriptions.

In the world of professional cycle racing, each of Eddy Merckx’s 525 victories was aboard a steel bike, but the last time the Tour de France was won on steel was in 1994. That was Miguel Indurain, who won his fourth of five Tour titles on a Pinarello bike (though it was reportedly actually built by Dario Pegoretti).

Read more: Is there still a place for steel road bikes in the age of carbon fibre?

You might well think the advance of carbon fibre would have rendered steel obsolete, but that has never happened. Steel is (and always will be) a really good material for building bicycles frames, because it’s light, stiff and durable. It's also easy to fix: your local welder will be able to repair a broken steel frame, although some very high-strength steels do need special handling. But try finding someone who can fix a broken carbon frame in the Yellow Pages.

Enigma Elite Frameset - riding 2.jpg

Some cyclists refuse to ride anything but a steel bike, so enchanting is its ride quality. It’s not as widely available as it used to be though, but that is changing as it has become more fashionable in the past few years, with the new wave of bespoke framebuilders choosing to work with steel.

If you want a custom bike, steel is the most versatile and affordable option. Bespoke carbon fibre will cost you a fortune and good luck trying to get a bespoke aluminium frame, leaving steel to become the main choice in the growing bespoke framebuilding sector. Aluminium has now become so cheap to manufacture that you can now get it on bikes costing from as little as £165.

Steel tube manufacturers, such as Columbus and Reynolds, thankfully haven’t given up on steel, and in fact the opposite has happened, they've been investing in new tubesets. The latest steel tubesets, which include the latest stainless offerings, are now lighter and stiffer than anything Eddy Merckx used to race, and a viable alternative to carbon and aluminium.

>>Read more: Custom built frames — the choice, from steel to carbon

21 of the best steel road bikes

Cotic Escapade — from £1,199

Cotic Escapade.jpg

One of the early adopters of the whole gravel/adventure/do-it-all bikes, the Cotic Escapade has had a few upgrades since its inception a good five or six years ago. Larger tyre clearances, a new carbon fork and a tapered head tube have now upped the performance and dropped the weight, making the new model an absolute joy to ride whether on or off road.

Read our review of the Cotic Escapade

Mason ISO — from £3,140


Sometimes a bike comes along that completely delivers in its capabilities, looks and build quality. The Mason ISO - In Search Of -  is one of those bikes. With an Italian hand-built frame, a superb level of finish and detail it nonchalantly comes along and redefines what a drop-bar bike is capable of being.

What Mason has got so right is that the bike is viable for a lot of different types of trail or even road use if you wanted. It’s blatantly not a road bike, but if you wanted to tour, and have a mainly quiet road route, the ISO riding position is comfy for that, and if you want something more off-road the ISO will be at home there too. Somehow, they have struck the perfect balance between all-day comfort and off-road agility.

Read our review of the Mason ISO

Sonder Santiago — £1,399

Sonder Santiago Rival22 Hydraulic.jpg

The Santiago is Sonder's take on the classic steel tourer: smooth, reliable and assured. As an all-round package it really delivers, especially from a comfort point of view, whether on or off-road.

A look at the figures says the Santiago is heavy at 11.79kg (26lb) but it doesn't really feel like it. It has a responsive frame, relatively speaking, and on smooth terrain you can cover a decent mileage without having to work too hard.

Being designed primarily as a tourer, the Santiago has a long wheelbase compared to something with more of racing bias. Our medium with a 56cm effective top tube length covers 1,063mm between its axles, which makes for a very composed bike on the road even when loaded up.

Read our review of the Sonder Santiago

Fairlight Cycles Secan — £2,649


Adventure and allroad bikes are all the rage right now, and not without good reason. Highly versatile and endlessly adaptable, they really do have the potential to eliminate N+1 for good. In taking a plethora of tyre widths, the new Secan – the latest model from young British company Fairlight Cycles – can be pressed into action as a rugged off-road bikepacking bike or shod with wide slicks, mudguards and racks for the daily commute or multi-day tour.

The Secan may not be the lightest option – steel never will be – but it has the performance that makes it a really fun and exciting bike to ride. The ride quality and the smoothness on rough terrain more than compensate as well. I'm a sucker for a good steel road bike, which is why I've always owned one, and the Secan offers that unmistakable balance of comfort, unflappable smoothness and assured handling you expect from a very well designed steel frame.

Read our review of the Fairlight Cycles Secan

Boardman ASR 8.9 — £1,300

Boardman ASR 8.9.jpg

The Boardman ASR, or "all season road", is a really good value package that offers a relaxed ride with the classic looks and feel of steel, the modern convenience of hydraulic discs brakes, and clearance for wide tyres. The ASR 8.9 serves its purpose well as an all-weather commuter and relaxed open-road cruiser

This version of the ASR has Reynolds 725 steel tubing, a full Shimano 105 groupset with hydraulic disc brakes, and Boardman's own bar and wheels. The cheaper 8.8 (£849) has 9-speed Sora components, a 4130 chromoly steel frame and mechanical disc brakes, so for the extra £400 you're getting lighter and better tubing, extra gears and hydraulic discs. It's an excellent package for the money.

Read our review of the Boardman ASR 8.9

Bombtrack Hook EXT 2020 — £2,350

2020 bombtrack hook ext

The defining feature of the Hook EXT is the 650B (27.5in) wheel size. It's becoming popular in the category of do-anything bike – the ability to rock the toughest of mountain bike trails, then either fit really fat slicks for road riding/touring, or a set of 700C wheels on normal tyres makes for as close to one-bike-to-rule-them-all as you currently get.

For 2020 the Hook EXT gets a T47 bottom bracket, tweaked cable routing to work better with dropper posts and new dropouts.

Read our review of the Bombtrack Hook EXT
Find a Bombtrack dealer

Colnago Master X-Light — £2,099.00 (frameset)

Colnago Master.jpg

In the glory days of steel, Colnago supplied bikes to Eddy Merckx, Giro winner and world champion Giuseppe Saronni among many other greats of the era. Colnago's steel frames are still made in Italy and fans of steel consider them among the very best available ferrous frames.

Find a Colnago dealer

Fairlight Cycles Strael — from £1,849

Fairlight Strael.jpg

The Fairlight Cycles Strael is an absolutely stunning machine, offering four-season adaptability and durability without sacrificing high speed or a racy performance. Intelligent tube choices coupled with a long and low geometry make for a bike you can blast about on all day long and the only muscles that'll ache at the end of it will be from grinning too much.

We also been extremely impressed by the Fairlight Strael 2.0 which is well worth waiting for.

Read our review of the Fairlight Cycles Strael

​ Read our review of the Fairlight Cycles Strael 2.0

Cinelli XCr Stainless Steel (frameset) — £3,649

cinelli cc2_01.jpg

When it comes to iconic bicycle brands, there are few quite as iconic as Cinelli. This is the Italian company’s XCr Stainless Steel frameset, which it describes as the “jewel in its range”. We can see why. Handmade in Italy, the TIG-welded triple butted XCr wonderfulness with laser etched graphics has a claimed frame weight of just 1,420g.

Condor Fratello Disc (frameset) — £899.99

Condor Fratello

London’s Condor Cycles is both a bike shop and bike brand, and its Fratello touring bike is its most popular model, showing that there is a lot of demand for a sensible steel frame. The frame has been carefully refined over the years, and the latest update is a move to Columbus Spirit tubing with some custom shaping taking inspiration from Condor’s racier Super Acciaio. And it’s available with disc brakes now as well, making it the ideal winter training, Audax or commuting bike.

Read our review of the Condor Fratello Disc

Donhou DSS1 Signature — frameset from £1,995

Donhou Signature Steel

Tom Donhou is one of the new wave of young framebuilders specialising in steel and his bikes have been well received, with a particular focus on disc brakes that led to the development of the DSS1 Signature Steel. It’s an off-the-shelf bike with a frame made from Reynolds 853 and an Enve carbon fibre fork and tapered head tube.

Read our review of the Donhou DSS1 Signature Steel

Enigma Elite HSS (frame, fork & headset) — £1,943.99

Enigma Elite

The modern steel tubesets are a long way from the skinny steel tubes of yesteryear, and the Enigma Elite HSS is a fine example of how good a contemporary steel bike can be. It uses the latest Columbus Spirit HSS triple butted tubeset with a beefy 44mm diameter head tube and combined with a carbon fibre fork, it displays the sort of ride that would make you question all other frame materials.

Read our review of the Enigma Elite HSS

Genesis Bikes Equilibrium 2020 — £1,399.99

2020 Genesis equilibrium

Even though Brit brand Genesis Bikes now does carbon fibre, it has partly founded its reputation on fine steel bikes. It’s also responsible for raising awareness of race-ready steel bikes: its Madison-Genesis team raced its Volare model at top level races.

The Equilibrium, an all-rounder with room in the frame for mudguards, and rack mounts, has always been the mainstay of the Genesis steel range. It uses Reynolds 725 double-butted steel tubes with a carbon fork and Shimano 105 groupset.

Holdsworth Competition (frameset) — £499.99

Holdsworth Competition.jpg

Britain used to boast many local independent framebuilders, and Holdsworth used to be one of the most famous names in British cycling and framebuilding. The shop closed down in 2013, after 86 years, but the brand has been resurrected by Planet X and it now offers a range of heritage frames. The Competition is the top-end model and features Columbus triple-butted tubes and a 320g carbon fibre fork.

Independent Fabrication Club Racer (frame & fork) — £2,295

Independent Fabrication Club Racer.jpg

It’s not just British frame builders that are bringing steel back into fashion, there has been a similar increase in popularity over in the US too. Independent Fabrication was founded in 1995 out of the ashes of mountain bike company Fat City Cycles, and now offers a range of steel road bikes. This one, the Club Racer is a traditional road bike with all the fitments for light touring, making it an ideal winter bike, commuter or Audax choice. It’s available with disc brakes as well.

Kona Roadhouse — £3,099

2018 kona roadhouse.jpg

The Roadhouse is Canadian company Kona’s classic steel road bike, with a Reynolds 853 tubeset and thru-axles front and rear - making it one of the few steel road bikes with thru-axles. Another unusual feature is the fillet-brazed joints, though for 2018 they're somewhat hidden under glorious orange paint. A tapered head tube and carbon fibre fork beefs up front-end stiffness and it’s bang up to date with flat mount disc tabs and, of course, it has mudguard mounts.

If the price is a bit steep, the £1,799 Wheelhouse has a TIG-welded 853 frame with the same features, and Shimano Tiagra components.

Read our review of the Kona Roadhouse

Mason Resolution (frame, fork & headset) — £1,595


New Brit brand Mason debuted with two frames, and chose Columbus Spirit and Life tubes for its Resolution. There’s nothing much traditional about this bike, with internal cable routing, disc brakes and space for 28mm tyres and mudguards.

Read our review of the Mason Resolution

Mercian Cycles Vincitore Special 853 Pro Team — £1,895

Mercian Vincitore.jpg

Started in 1946, Mercian Cycles is another long-running UK steel framebuilding business that is thriving today, using traditional framebuilding methods and building each frame to order and made-to-measure. Choosing a frame involves using the company’s online frame builder tool, which lets you chose a model, tubeset, geometry and other details you want on your future bike. The Vincitore Special (pictured) features intricate hand-cut lugs. It can be built from a choice of Reynolds tubesets including 631, 725 and 853.

Rourke Framesets Reynolds 631 frameset — from £995


Rourke Framesets offer a wide choice of steel bikes with a selection of tubesets available to meet different budgets. The custom frame business is headed up by Brian Rourke who has 25-years of road racing experience, and uses this expertise to provide a full bike fit service, to ensure your new bike fits perfectly. Rourke offers framesets in a choice of flavours, from road race to Audax, and complete bikes built to your exact specification.

Shand Cycles Stoater (frame & fork) — £1,105

Shand Stoater

Shand Cycles is a Scottish frame manufacturer and produces a number of different models, but the Stoater is its do-everything frame designed to be as versatile as you need it to be. Like the modern crop of cyclocross/gravel bikes, the Stoater has space for wide tyres and the frame is bristling with mudguard and rack mounts.

Read out review of the Shand Stoater

Stoemper Taylör (frameset) — ~£1,900

01-Stoemper Taylor.jpeg

Portland-based Stoemper takes a lot of inspiration from Belgium for its Stoemper Taylör, a frame made from TIG welded True Temper S3 tubing and a classic road bike geometry. The tubes are oversized but not by the same measure as some more modern steel bikes, with a non-tapered head tube providing a classic appearance.

Read our review of the Stoemper Taylör

Prefer aluminium? Here are 11 of the best aluminium road bikes.

About road.cc Buyer's Guides

The aim of road.cc buyer's guides is to give you the most, authoritative, objective and up-to-date buying advice. We continuously update and republish our guides, checking prices, availability and looking for the best deals.

Our guides include links to websites where you can buy the featured products. Like most sites we make a small amount of money if you buy something after clicking on one of those links. We want you to be happy with what you buy, so we only include a product in a if we think it's one of the best of its kind.

As far as possible that means recommending equipment that we have actually reviewed, but we also include products that are popular, highly-regarded benchmarks in their categories.

Here's some more information on how road.cc makes money.

You can also find further guides on our sister sites off.road.cc and ebiketips.

Road.cc buyer's guides are maintained and updated by John Stevenson. Email John with comments, corrections or queries.

David has worked on the road.cc tech team since July 2012. Previously he was editor of Bikemagic.com and before that staff writer at RCUK. He's a seasoned cyclist of all disciplines, from road to mountain biking, touring to cyclo-cross, he only wishes he had time to ride them all. He's mildly competitive, though he'll never admit it, and is a frequent road racer but is too lazy to do really well. He currently resides in the Cotswolds.


Vejnemojnen [289 posts] 3 years ago

what is wrong with this one?  1




or this?




I personally would recommend the latter due to my being patriotic  1

Bigfoz [192 posts] 2 years ago

Probably the ultimate steel frameset of them all, likely the only one still in production with multiple pro wins, including Roubaix / Giro etc, and not mentioned? Colnago Master...

StraelGuy [1753 posts] 2 years ago

That Colnago's expensive - £2.1 million pounds  !!!

Chris Hayes [482 posts] 2 years ago

Vanilla, (inc Speedwagen), Pegoretti, Zullo, Tomassini....the list of the best steel frames not on this list is far more interesting.... 

Jonny_Trousers [277 posts] 2 years ago

For those above who seem confused: "18 of the best steel road bikes and frames"

ajd [66 posts] 2 years ago

I have a Genesis Volare 931, Colnago Master (c1990) and still have my first race bike - Rourke 653 (c1992).

Love them all in different ways.

Rourke - superbe comfort

Genesis - ultimate winter bike

Colnago - pure bling and mighty stiff (surprisingly)

Total cost less than a Ford Fiesta

StraelGuy [1753 posts] 2 years ago

My Strael frame and forks is due to arrive any day now and I'm like a kid at Christmas time waiting to get it built up. I've decided carbon just doesn't really float my boat.

racingcondor [243 posts] 2 years ago

Also worth mentioning Baum, Alchemy and English, none of them UK builders but all top end frames and well worth drooling over.

Bigfoz [192 posts] 2 years ago

I've ridden a lot of steel frames over the years, including some of the ones on this list.  Of all the bikes I've ever owned / ridden only 3 truly stand out for me. The Carlton Pro I raced on as a teenager with Campag Nuovo / Super record; the Colnago SuperPiu I bought in 1995, still have and love; and a Colnago Master X-Lite, probably the best riding bike I've ever owned, but a size too small. The Master was a great eBay purchase as I made money on it after 5 years of riding it. I'm saving up for a new Master frame now (in the right size...), nothing else on the market (especially chunky tubed carbon things) really compels me to save up... 

ChrisB200SX [1079 posts] 2 years ago

I know Ti is more tricky to repair/weld, but looking at the above prices, would it be worth going Ti? Generally, does it ride better than steel?
Disclaimer: I have no real experience with riding Steel or Ti, although I didn't once ride my friend's dad's old steel bike back in the 90s.

Christopher TR1 [262 posts] 2 years ago

This article was published years ago. Lazy!

Boogers [1 post] 1 year ago

I've got a Holdsworth Competition.  What a total bargain.  Everyone get one!  

kil0ran [1803 posts] 1 year ago

Bowman Layhams

£1600, stainless steel frameset. 28s + guards + rim brakes, gorgeous.

Blank [3 posts] 1 year ago

Battaglin Power +

Freddy56 [456 posts] 1 year ago

cinelli stainless......oooh

hampsoc [50 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

"But try finding someone who can fix a broken carbon frame in the Yellow Pages."


10 mins down the road too!



Roadie_john [85 posts] 1 year ago
hampsoc wrote:

"But try finding someone who can fix a broken carbon frame in the Yellow Pages."


10 mins down the road too!




It has long been easier to find a decent carbon repairer than anyone I'd trust to fix my Yates bike... Ironically the man I'd go for steel to has a massive waiting list because he repaints said repaired carbon bikes...

Roadie_john [85 posts] 1 year ago
ChrisB200SX wrote:

I know Ti is more tricky to repair/weld, but looking at the above prices, would it be worth going Ti? Generally, does it ride better than steel?
Disclaimer: I have no real experience with riding Steel or Ti, although I didn't once ride my friend's dad's old steel bike back in the 90s.

I've ridden steel, alu, carbon and Ti. Decent steel will ride as well as Ti or carbon, and better than many cheap versions of either. The rule of thumb is that the better the quality of the frame, the better it will ride.

Steel will be heavier, but if you're willing to spend can still come in on the UCI weight limit. Oversize will be plenty stiff enough for most - the comparative test that GCN did with Stephen Roche's old steel bike is worth watching, but that's standard gauge tube of a variety that was already dated by the early nineties. For racing, carbon is usually better as it's lighter, tuneable (stiff in the right places) and can be formed into aero shapes more easily, but for pretty much anything else, decent steel wont be giving much away. 

The problem is that most steel you see now is basically gaspipe. Double-butted cro-moly is the absolute entry level - anything 'high-tensile' or 'carbon steel' is usually a bit rubbish. I see people selling 1980s carbon steel bikes for £££ as 'eroica' bikes/collectables/vintage when actually they were the shockers you couldn't give away 20 years ago as they were rubbish.

Duncann [1491 posts] 1 year ago
1 like
Roadie_john wrote:

I see people selling 1980s carbon steel bikes for £££ as 'eroica' bikes/collectables/vintage when actually they were the shockers you couldn't give away 20 years ago as they were rubbish.

Yes, I remember those days - most people wanted a Raleigh Activator instead.

Now then... I've got a classic Peugeot racer, "carbolite" steel frame, with suicide levers and authentically-Gallic seatpost and chainring sizes going for a song - £200 anyone...?

froze [122 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

Too bad you guys didn't get a chance to ride the Mercian Vincitore, I had one of those, it's a piece of art, and for the price it's insane to get custom made to your size and handmade steel bike with fancy handmade lugs for that price.  You guys really missed riding a very sweet bike that I believe would have gotten all 5 stars.

bigyakman [1 post] 1 year ago

The ride quality of 3/2.5 titanium is overrated. I find it seems to steal energy in some subtle way and does not have the spring of a good steel ride. 6/4 Titanium has a very different feel, stiffer lighter and much more rewarding. Somewhat more like steel but lighter feeling. Too bad there is not much of it around anymore.  It is hard to beat a good steel frame lugged or TIG welded that is tweaked just right for you. That said, my Boardman has a very nice ride for a carbon bike.

srchar [1720 posts] 1 year ago
bigyakman wrote:

The ride quality of 3/2.5 titanium is overrated. I find it seems to steal energy in some subtle way and does not have the spring of a good steel ride.

I agree.  I resisted carbon for years on aesthetic grounds before swinging a leg over a Cervelo R5 and finding that I went a lot faster than on my Van Nic Ventus.  Even my cheapo aluminium Kinesis commuter feels more sprightly - and it's comfier.

alexb [214 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

No Bob Jackson on that list?


What about Hartley cycles: http://www.hartleycycles.com/

Ricky Feather: http://www.feathercycles.com/

etc. etc. 

I know it's really a snapshot, but the mixture of traditional shop-supplied off the peg frames and handbuilt frames is still there and much more interesting than the ready built mass-market bikes. 

Broady. [110 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

I know it's not particularly sexy, Planet X and all but that Holdsworth is a bargain. Columbus Spirit for 600.

hairyderriere [43 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

I understand the 'content need' to recycle articles but it would be nice if things were carefully updated too. The Fairlight Strael is now in Mark 2 form and the original is no longer available. It matters as there has been significant evolution (such as the rear dropouts).

Amazing bike, the Strael 2, as is the Fairlight Secan.

Rapha Nadal [1218 posts] 1 year ago
Broady. wrote:

I know it's not particularly sexy, Planet X and all but that Holdsworth is a bargain. Columbus Spirit for 600.

The Holdsworth frames do sometimes come in a shade of grey that looks great once built up and with tanwall tyres.

StevoM [3 posts] 1 year ago
1 like

I managed to pick up a stunning stainless steel frameset, reynolds 931 Moda Issimo - reduced to £700 with a headset and carbon fork, polished stays and really nice geometry, I still grin like a cheshire cat at how good this is to ride - ironically a lot of my cycling pals dont get it and slag me off for punting my carbon framed bike for this - but those in the know get it, the bike feels special to ride and has class that carbon bikes 3 times the price will never have! Even set up with some nice light alloy handbuilt wheels and alloy finishing kit (no deep sections!) it goes like a rocket and will keep up on a fast bunch no problems. Managed to build the whole thing up with R8000 groupset for less than 1.5k!!

StevoM [3 posts] 1 year ago
2old2mould [110 posts] 7 months ago

I also have a Holdsworth frameset built up with Campag Athena. Awesome bike, and superb value. It's been my winter ride for last winter and I kept riding it even when the weather improved. I bought the frameset for £300 when PX had one of their mad sales which is crazy for a Columbus steel frame. I highly recommend it.

Morat [353 posts] 7 months ago
StevoM wrote:



That is a thing of beauty! They don't have my size... but you made me check!