And how to postpone that time for as long as possible

When should you replace your cycling shoes? When you fancy a new pair, they're so minging you can't face them any more, or when your current ones have worn out would be the obvious answers, but how do you know when they’ve worn out? Clearly, if they’re falling off your feet you’re going to benefit from something new, but sometimes these things can sneak up on you so we asked the experts for the signs that say it’s time for a change.

“I’ve seen shoes during bike fits that look as if they've been used for running a marathon and the customer still insisting they're good to use,” says Jez Loftus of Trek, owners of the Bontrager brand that includes a large range of shoes.

Giro Factor Techlace  - 1.jpg

“In general it’s a trade off between weight and durability. A fancy pair of lightweight summer climbing shoes probably won’t last long if you use them on gravel or in winter conditions.

“Wear can depend heavily on the rider and shape of their feet,” says Jez. “From the bike fits I’ve done, a rider who has mastered souplesse [which in this context refers to the suppleness/smoothness of the pedal stroke] and the art of a perfect pedalling style is usually very light on their shoes, and kit. The chopper, on the other hand, just devours kit!”

Read about the bike kit bio-hazards that cyclists don't like to talk about.


So how do you know when it’s time to pension off one pair of shoes and buy a new pair? 

“It depends on the amount of riding that’s being done, but road shoes should last many seasons if you avoid walking on abrasive surfaces and keep the shoes clean and dry them properly inside and out when wet,” says Peter Curran, Giro’s category manager for footwear, softgoods and apparel. 

“Generally, road cycling shoes are used in a very specific, predictable way, unlike mountain bike shoes, where riders are subject to more environmental factors, such as dirt, mud, rock strikes and wear and tear on the sole due to hiking.”

Read about 16 pairs of the best performance road cycling shoes.

It’s the closure system that most often fails first.

Fizik R3 Aria shoes - toe.jpg

“Mechanised closure systems have gotten more complex to allow a rider to customise the fit of their shoes in targeted areas,” says Peter Curran. “These are the most used part of the shoes, and systems can wear over time. Fortunately, with the added complexity comes serviceability, so if your closure system needs repairs, parts are available and easy for a rider to install.”

Boa closures, for instance, which you’ll find on some shoes from Giro and many other brands, are guaranteed for the lifetime of the product on which they are integrated, and you can get spares for many other systems online or through your local bike shop. 

Find out all about wide-fit cycling shoes.

Bont Cycling Riot Road cycling shoes .jpg

The sole is the other part that’s most susceptible to damage. Cycling shoe soles are most often made from glass-fibre reinforced nylon or carbon-fibre and road shoes don't usually have a protective layer to prevent damage when you walk.

 Bont Vaypor S - sole toe.jpg

“If the cyclist refrains from walking over rocks and pebbles it will extend the life of the sole, but carbon-fibre is susceptible to wear like anything else,” says Bont’s chief executive officer Steven Nemeth. “Shoes, including carbon soled shoes, need to be looked after like all equipment. You wouldn’t drag your bike frame across sharp rocky surfaces, so why would you do it to naked carbon soles of shoes?”

If your road shoes have died because you've worn out the soles through walking in them, think about replacing them with a pair of touring or mountain bike shoes that take two-bolt cleats that are recessed into soles with tread and a bit of give. 

Check out all of our shoe reviews here.

Jez Loftus of Trek says, “You see some soles fail across the cleat bolt holes, especially with shoes that are used for off-road riding which generally have a tougher life. 

Bontrager Circuit shoes - sole toe.jpg

“If you’re doing pro mileage in a pair of nylon soled shoes you should really think about upgrading to something stiffer, but whether they’re made from nylon or carbon, the soles should last for years if you keep walking to a minimum.”

What about the uppers? They don’t have to handle contact with the ground – not unless things go horribly wrong – but they’re not made from such hard-wearing materials either.

“There can be some stretch in the uppers over time, but modern road cycling shoes don’t experience the dynamic forces that other athletic footwear is subjected to, so there’s much less fatigue on the uppers,” says Giro’s Peter Curran. “Any material stretch would be from the repeated tightening of the shoes.”


Bont’s Steven Nemeth says, “Our top models like the Vaypor series as well as the Crono and Zero+ all have a monocoque construction under the upper layer (above) that stops them from stretching.”

Giro Empire E70 Knit Road Cycling Shoes - heels.jpg

The heel counter – the insert that wraps around the back of your foot and defines the shape of the heel cup, sometimes internal and sometimes external) – should last the lifetime of your shoe as long as you loosen the closure system fully when you put it on. Don’t try to wiggle your foot inside while the shoe is done up.


If you want to make your shoes last as long as possible, dry them out after a wet ride by stuffing them with newspaper – yes, the old way is still the best. This absorbs moisture while helping them keep their shape. Don’t be tempted to use a fire, radiator or hairdryer because extreme heat can damage the materials and adhesives.

Cool and dry storage is best for longevity. Don't leave your shoes festering in the bottom of a kit bag. Completely removing any overshoes you've used – as opposed to pushing them down just far enough to get your feet out – allows your shoes to dry out more quickly.

Read about 8 of the best cheap pairs of cycling shoes.

The best way to clean your shoes depends on the exact materials used, so consult the manufacturer’s instructions, but in many cases you just need to wipe off the dirt and grime with a damp cloth or sponge. Don’t use strong detergents, solvents or abrasive pads, and don’t put them in the washing machine. People certainly do that and swear by this method, but although the shoes might come out clean, you run the risk of damaging them irreparably.  

Mat has in cycling media since 1996, on titles including BikeRadar, Total Bike, Total Mountain Bike, What Mountain Bike and Mountain Biking UK, and he has been editor of 220 Triathlon and Cycling Plus. Mat has been road.cc technical editor for over a decade, testing bikes, fettling the latest kit, and trying out the most up-to-the-minute clothing. We send him off around the world to get all the news from launches and shows too. He has won his category in Ironman UK 70.3 and finished on the podium in both marathons he has run. Mat is a Cambridge graduate who did a post-grad in magazine journalism, and he is a winner of the Cycling Media Award for Specialist Online Writer. Now pushing 50, he's riding road and gravel bikes most days for fun and fitness rather than training for competitions.


timtak [69 posts] 1 year ago

I find that the sole tends to go first especially with shoes that do not have replaceable hell pads, as Sidi provides, but Shimano does not.

I have therefore developed a system for Sidi-fying my Shimano shoes, providing them with replaceable heel pads that I make out of rubber. This means that not only do my Shimano carbon sole shoes not wear out, but I can also pick up "junk" carbon-sole Shimano shoes, with worn down heel pads/heels, cheaply on ebay.

The process is to grind down the height of a claw nut
like this 
and then drill a hole in the sole at the hell and bang the shortned
claw nut into the sole from the inside under the insole. Then 
attach a piece of rubber to the sole with a cleat bolt like this...
If the heels are already worn then sometimes I patch them with carbon fibre first

Now everyone will Sidi-fy their Shimano shoes and I wont be able to pick them up cheap on ebay any more but, it is okay since I have about 4 pairs and they last a looong time. 

The same technique can be used to replace cleat nuts which also sometimes wear out. 


Chris Hayes [459 posts] 1 year ago

Looks like a lot of hassle.  Why not just take them to a cobbler and let him glue rubber strips front and back?

PaulBox [681 posts] 1 year ago

Or just buy Sidi's... 


Jonathan Knight [28 posts] 1 year ago

I've had my Specialized S-Works for 5 years and still going strong, I've replaced the heel lugs a few times and the boa dials a couple of times though. 

littlegermanboy [12 posts] 1 year ago

I've got a pair of Giro Factors that have done a fair mileage in the 3+ years I've had them. Fit really well and very comfy, but both ratchet straps have broken to the point there's only just enough strap left to get them fastened over winter socks. Don't know if they're replaceable - maybe Peter Curran could advise?

srchar [1563 posts] 7 months ago

My S-Works 5s died after four years due to the sole delaminating at the front.  They were my only pair of shoes, so got a lot of use, including commuting in all weathers (with toe covers).  I've just replaced them with a pair of S-Works 6, which are even more comfortable and look to have a more hard-wearing heel pad.

The Boas are the weak point. I went through 10 or 12 of them on my first pair and the design never seems to get updated. At least they're free and simple to change.

Jem PT [228 posts] 7 months ago

Annoyingly I can't get out of my habit of unclipping my right foot and not the left (always have done, always will...) which means the inside heel area of my right shoe is sliced away by the spokes, long beofre any other part of the shoe is worn... indecision

Nick T [1305 posts] 7 months ago
1 like

something is really not right if your foot hits the spokes when you unclip. 


Or if your foot hits the spokes at any time, under any circumstance 

Jem PT [228 posts] 7 months ago

Stupidly, I am inthe habit of twisting my ankle in to the wheel, rather than away from it, hence my ankle brushes the spokes. Daft!

srchar [1563 posts] 7 months ago

If you can't get out of that habit, get into the habit of unclipping with your foot at 2 o'clock, so that your heel swings into the empty frame triangle rather than your back wheel.