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Should you run a 1x set-up on your road bike?

What are the pros and cons of single chainring set-ups, and what they are most suitable for? Find out with our comprehensive guide to going 1x

An increasing number of bikes now use 1x (pronounced one-by) drivetrains, which essentially means the bike has a single chainring with no front derailleur. It's a topic that divides opinion when it comes to using 1x on drop bar bikes, particularly dedicated road bikes. Is it the right choice for you?

A few years ago, a single chainring gear system for anything other than a mountain bike or cyclo-cross bike would have been unthinkable, but people are now embracing a 1x setup for commuting, gravel bikes, time trialling and increasingly, road bikes. Lets go through the pros and cons of running 1x and what cycling disciplines it's most suitable for...

Primož Roglič full-cervelo-s5

It's generally a good idea for gear ratios to be fairly closely spaced, and the unquestioned way to get a wide range of gears on road bikes has been to have at least two chainrings. However, you can now have relatively closely-spaced gear ratios with just one chainring. 

1x drivetrains use a single chainring, which saves the cost and complexity of a double chainring and eliminates the front derailleur and front shifter. This should give you one less thing to think about as you ride. 

This isn't new technology. SRAM pioneered the use of 1x systems, initially for mountain bikes, then on cyclo-cross bikes, and now gravel bikes and road bikes. All versions of Force, Rival and Apex are available in 1x configurations (with a single chainring instead of a double).

Vielo R+1 Alto Classified

The advantages of a 1x drivetrain 

1x drivetrains are used across cycling disciplines, so the advantages vary depending on the terrain and specific riding style. 

1. Simplicity and reduced weight

A 1x drivetrain eliminates the need for a front mech, front shifter and multiple chainrings, which simplifies the bike's set-up with one less component to fail. It also reduces the weight. 

Gearing also becomes simpler, as you only need to think about shifting up and down the cassette, making it easier to operate.

2. Better chain retention

The teeth on 1x chainrings alternately engage with the links of the chain to reduce the chances of the chain coming off, even on rough terrain, which should provide a more secure and reliable set-up.

As well as better chain retention, the chances of dropping the chain are further reduced due to the lack of a front mech, eliminating the chances of it getting stuck or misaligned during shifting. 

Without a front mech, a 1x system is also quieter due to the chain not rubbing on the front mech plates. 

Primož Roglič cervelo-sram-crank

> Are the benefits of 1x outweighed by the disadvantages? We asked, you answered

3. Less maintenance

There's no front mech or front shifter, less chainrings and one less gear cable to look after, meaning there are fewer potential points of failure. There are therefore, fewer parts that can get damaged or require adjustment, resulting in less maintenance. 

4. Improved clearance and frame design 

With only one chainring and a lack of front mech, there is increased clearance around the bottom bracket area, which is beneficial particularly for off-road riding where debris can easily get caught in and around the drivetrain. 

As a result of this improved clearance, frame geometry can be optimised depending on the cycling discipline, allowing for increased tyre clearance and greater frame stiffness. 

5. Improved aerodynamics? 

Many time triallists are opting for a 1x set-up for simplified shifting, but also the claimed aerodynamic benefits. A 1x drivetrain simplifies the front end of the bike by eliminating the front mech and multiple chainrings, and when combined with an aero frame, a good time trial position and aero wheels, is claimed to provide a minute aerodynamic advantage. 

2021 Orro Terra C Ekar 1x - riding 3.jpg

The disadvantages of a 1x drivetrain

As with the advantages of a 1x drivetrain, the disadvantages also depend on the cycling discipline, riding style, terrain and individual preferences. 

1. Limited gear range 

Modern 1x drivetrains offer a wide-range cassette, but the gearing range may not be as extensive as a 2x set-up. Whilst the easiest gear on a 1x set-up may get you up nearly anything, you may not progress up the hill as quickly, and then may find yourself running out of gears on long, fast descents. 

When riding only on tarmac, up long and steep climbs, riders may find that a 1x system is limiting. 

2. Big jumps between gears 

As a result of the wide-ranging cassette, there can be some bigger jumps in gear ratios between each rear cog. It can therefore be difficult to keep your rhythm when changing from one gear to the next. 

Bespoked 2022 Sturdy tt bike.jpeg

> All the gear? Check out the gearing choices of the pros at the Tour de France

3. Increased wear of components 

Due to the 1x drivetrain only using a single chainring, it tends to wear out more quickly than a 2x drivetrain, where the wear can be distributed across the chainrings. 

The chain and cassette may also wear more quickly due to an increased surface area of contact with a wider casette and large rear cogs. 

4. Less efficient 'angled' chainline

The chaincould run at a more extreme angle for longer periods of time in a 1x set-up compared to 2x, where a straighter chainline can be achieved by dropping into the small ring when the chain is too high up the cassette. The 1x set-up may result in a less efficient power transfer and increased friction if riding at the upper or lower extremes of the cassette for extended periods. 

5. Compatibility issues 

It may be difficult to upgrade certain bikes to a 1x drivetrain as it doesn't fit on all bike frames, particularly older models. 

You may need to upgrade other components on the bike as well, such as the shifters and rear hub, which adds to the overall cost. 

2023 Ribble Gravel 725 Enthusiast  - 1

> Check out the best gravel bikes 2023 

So, what are 1x drivetrains suitable for? 

It appears that 1x drivetrains offer a great general purpose set-up, but it comes down to what you use your bike for as to whether a 1x drivetrain is the best option for you. 

Single-chainring systems are now almost universal on mountain bikes and cyclo-cross bikes, and used on many gravel bikes due to their simplicity, reduced chances of dropping the chain and improved clearance, with the wide gear range allowing riders to tackle climbs and descents. 

A 1x system is also suitable for commuting and city riding when the terrain is relatively flat and predictable. It's simple to operate and there is a reduced need for maintenance, making it a convenient option. 

Another cycling discipline 1x is suitable for is time trialling on relatively flat courses. The reduced chances of dropping the chain/having a mechanical and the simplicity of changing gears make it a practical choice. 

Finally, 1x drivetrains are being seen more and more on road bikes in general, as well as on the pro's bikes at races. For example, Roglic chose a Cervélo R5 fitted with a single chainring up front and a dinnerplate cassette at the back for the 2023 Giro d’Italia mountain time trial, and we can expect to see more of this from other World Tour riders soon. 

Primoz Roglic opts for a gravel-style setup for final mountain stages of 2023 Giro d'Italia (GCN)

> Primož Roglič gears up for decisive – and monstrous – Giro d’Italia mountain time trial by using gravel groupset… and specialist bike change mechanic

Overall, it is important to consider the terrain and the specific requirements of your riding style when deciding if a 1x drivetrain is best for you. 

The bikes 

Let's have a look at some of the best bikes we've reviewed with 1x drivetrains in recent years... 

Road bikes

Vielo R+1 Alto Classified - £6,999

2023 Vielo R+1 Road.jpg

The Vielo R+1 Alto Classified is the British company's newest bike which was found to be a fast, fun and comfortable road bike that exploits the clean lines of a 1x with the gear ratios of a 2x. 

Read our full review here.

3T Strada frameset - £3,700 

3T Strada with SRAM Force eTap AXS (1).jpg

This bike has radical looks but the Strada is a fast, comfortable and exciting aero race bike that works brilliantly.

Read our full review here. 

Gravel bikes 

Ribble Gravel 725 2023 - £2,099

Ribble Gravel 725

Part of Ribble's new gravel-specific range, this bike has great geometry for all kinds of gravel riding and has that lovely steel 'zing'. 

Read our full review here. 

Orro Terra C Ekar 1x - £3599.99

2021 Orro Terra C Ekar 1x.jpg

This Orro Terra C Ekar has a 13-tooth cassette and is a great bike for those who want speed off the beaten track, and it'll happily carry your gear for longer adventures.

Read our full review here. 

Canyon Grail AL 7 eTap - £2,249

2022 Canyon Grail AL 7 eTap Rival

For someone looking to get into gravel cycling and wanting a bike that will serve them for a long time, the Canyon Grail AL 7 eTap is an excellent option. 

Read our full review here. 

Forme Monsal 1 - £1679,99

2022 forme monsal 1 hero

This is the brand's top of the range aluminium alloy gravel bike and one of the most comfortable and fun gravel bikes for the money.

Read our full review here. 

Commuting bikes 

Giant Escape 0 Disc - £899

Giant Escape 0 Disc

This bike offers great comfort, quality braking, good gears and bags of all-round practicality – Giant shows there's life in the hybrid yet. 

Read our full review here. 

What are your thoughts on 1x drivetrains? Let us know in the comments section below.

Emily is our track and road racing specialist, having represented Great Britain at the World and European Track Championships. With a National Title up her sleeve, Emily has just completed her Master’s in Sports Psychology at Loughborough University where she raced for Elite Development Team, Loughborough Lightning.

Emily is our go-to for all things training and when not riding or racing bikes, you can find her online shopping or booking flights…the rest of the office is now considering painting their nails to see if that’s the secret to going fast…

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tompan1976 | 5 months ago

Hi, I have set up by Specialized Crux to double as a racer and gravel bike using SRAM Eagle drive train with 12 speed 11-50T 44T chain ring. this works perfectly for x1 set up to do steep climbs on road wheels along with fast flat/downhill.

IanMSpencer | 1 year ago
1 like

Some of the arguments will ride on how sensitive you are to finding your right cadence.

Some riders appear to be quite happy using their legs over a wide range of rpm, others have a narrow band.

If you are not a hardened cyclist, then fixies aren't practical. If you haven't got leg strength, then low cadence is asking for injuries, and if you haven't developed a high cadence then producing power can be a problem.

I would say that as an experienced cyclist, I would not inflict my personal preferences on others. I know what works for me, but without knowing the physique and motivation of another cyclist I'm not sure I could recommend a set up for someone else (though happy for them to listen to my views and take from them what they will).

I liked a triple, great for varied terrain, both on MTB and road bike, and I've never had major issues with chain drop once set up properly. 2x I now am happy with on a compact chainset with a 32 or 34 rear sprocket, but am constantly changing gears as the terrain or wind changes - on a 70 mile ride I want to be absolutely in my effective, efficient and comfortable range. I can't see myself being happy with the limitations of a 1x11. I'm sure I could get by, but why bother? If front derailleur hadn't been invented in sure I would be perfectly happy, but 2x and 3x exist, and I know how yo use them to suit me.

cyclisto | 1 year ago
1 like

Hello I would really really like to see a review of 1x systems from cheaper brands like Microshift or Sensah or any other I may not know.

Such a price seems reasonable to me

festina | 1 year ago
1 like

Swapping to 1x on my road bike because with a 53/39 chainring setup and 10-27 cassette I'm only ever using the top half of the cassette. Changing to a single 42 tooth front will cover pretty much all the gears I use and I won't be left in that do i / don't i shift on the front situation.
TBH i find cassette ranges are generally too big for a double set up these days anyway, 11-32? Do you really need that with a 52/34 chainring? Not for me.

Woldsman replied to festina | 1 year ago
1 like

festina wrote:

... TBH i find cassette ranges are generally too big for a double set up these days anyway, 11-32?...

I agree.  Better for me is 13-34 as, like all the world champions who dominated the sport when I was growing up, I have no use for the 11T sprocket.  

festina wrote:

... Do you really need that with a 52/34 chainring? Not for me.

No, me neither.  As a gentleman of a certain vintage I use a modified MTB cassette paired with a road triple.  On my last 300km ride I used a 9-speed 13-34 cassette with a 50/39/30 triple from East Yorkshire to Middlesbrough and just got back before dark.  I think I might have had to get off and push making my way over the North York Moors with the kit I was lugging as well as my 84kg self if I hadn't geared up to suit my ability and the terrain.  

I can only imagine having a 1x system if in the future I have to give up and get an electric bike and such a setup is all that is available off-the-peg by then.  Until that happens I shall stick with what works for me.  It isn't 1x, which is needlessly expensive and limited, for claimed benefits that don't convince me in the slightest.  



ChasP replied to Woldsman | 1 year ago

I agree about not needing the smaller sprockets but as that's all that's (easily) available in 11s the answer for me is a sub compact double chainset. Most of the time I'm in the "big" ring but having a granny available means I don't need a silly wide (expensive) cassette.

EM69 | 1 year ago


mrmusette | 1 year ago

Loved the look, concept and simplicity of 1x so built a road bike around it for London's flat geography. After a year or so I am going back to 2x mechanical.

The range of gears, better chainline and the ability to use a front mech to nudge the chain back on without getting off the bike if it ever does drop (not that it did with a narrow-wide chainring and a clutched rear mech) all completely outweigh the pros of 1x for road. Try it if you really need to scratch the itch, otherwise, don't bother.

Paul J | 1 year ago
1 like

Listing "chain retention" as a "pro" is surely a joke? Chain retention appears to be the achilles heal of (non-clutched-derailleur) road 1x setups.

And if you need to run a chain catcher on your 1x (as Jumbo-Visma and others do in cyclocross, where 1x has more use and longer experience of use), then surely "Aerodynamics" disappears from the "Pro" list too.

At which point, what on earth is the point of 1x (least, on road, where you don't want the drag of a clutched RD)?

It smells like the latest marketing fad to try sell us new bike frames and gear - which (yet again) is incompatible with most previous stuff.

Off the back | 1 year ago
1 like

The thing that puts me off a single front ring setup is I ride such a varied type of terrain. I could be on a very flat ride one day but the next ill decide to go up some hills. My bike has a 52/36 and a 11-28 ratios. I can get up most things on that and still have a decent range on the flat. 

A pro racer knows exactly what they are riding  that day, they know the gears they need to be in in most cases so can make that decision. Oh and they have a mech to do it all for them. 

One thing mentioned as a 'pro' point for single 1x goupsets is better chain retention. Although when a professional team using it a few years back pointed the finger at its failure to stay on. Im a little unsure thats actually true. And even though he still won in the end, Roglic dropped his chain in the Giro TT ffs. on a 1x setup. Ive dropped a chain before and actually got it back up by shifting the front derailleur , no chance of doing that if there isnt one to catch it. 

If you do drop a chain, there are only 2 ways for it to go, if it falls inside you can put a chain catcher on so prevent it damaging YOUR bike, the one you paid good money for. Or it falls outside and wraps the chain around your crank arm scratching the crap out of it. Not an issue for a pro, its all team kit. They pull another one off the car and away you go, rest of us have a bike that looks like its been attacked with a chainsaw. 



Calc | 1 year ago
1 like

Well, back in my day... I've ridden 1x1, 1x3, 2x5, 2x6, 2x7, 3x7, 3x8, 3x9, 2x10, 2x11, 1x11 and 1x12.

On paper, 3x9 and 2x11 look like the best, because more gears = better.  In the real world, having a 10rpm difference between a couple of gears is not something that matters.  Just as I didn't go back to 3x once I had 2x10, there was no going back to 2x once I had 1x11.   1x12 wasn't a noticable improvement over 1x11, so you can save some money there...

ChasP | 1 year ago

The reasons for increased increased wear don't make any sense. I'd argue that the larger teeth on a 1x chainring would probably outlast both on a double. The increased wear on chain and cassette is due to the increased use of smaller sprockets not larger ones, particularly on undergeared mtbs and ebikes, something Shimano is addressing with the new Cues groupsets. The current situation of having to replace a huge expensive cassette because the smaller sprockets are worn is ridiculous.

Miller replied to ChasP | 1 year ago
1 like

Agree about the annoyance of replacing entire cassettes due to a few worn sprockets but it's been that way for a long time.

As mentioned in another topic I've been trying road 1x this year and enjoying it. The clutch derailleurs common in 1x systems ensure good chain retention and quiet running although I do wonder if they soak up a few watts.

Jimmy Ray Will replied to ChasP | 1 year ago
1 like

I agree, excess wear is due to the smaller (overall) sprockets in play, but is also due to the amount of time the chain spends in less than ideal chain lines. This is less of an issue for MTB riding, as a lot of the time you just sit mid cassette, but on the road, if you are going hard / downhill, you will be at the sharp end of the cassette, and likewise going uphill, you will be towards the top of the cassette... you seem to spend little time mid-cassette and in a more optimal chain line. 

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